A task analysis is a process by which a task is broken down into its component parts. If you think about it, everyone uses task analysis at some point, even if it is unconsciously. If not; how else would anyone learn to complete processes?

Well, as the adage goes, we all walk before we run.

But sometimes, It is easy to forget that some tasks need to be broken down into smaller tidbits, because after a time, they become like second nature to us. Then as adults, we often expect children to be able to figure out the steps involved in completing a task.

Now, from the other side of education; for the special needs population, where children often have processing disorders or difficulty in organization, it’s necessary to take the time to express the different parts of a task until the student has mastered each one.

Task analysis is a fundamental tool for teaching life skills. The choice of forward or backward chaining or moving will depend on how the task analysis is written.

Let’s try this with SHOE LACING

Method #1

1. Pick up right lace with right hand
2. Pick up left lace with left hand
3. Cross laces to make an X
4. Fold lace on right side through hole using right hand
5. Pull both laces tight.
6. Using both hands to make a small hoop with right lace
7. Hold hoop with right hand only
8. Use left hand to wrap left lace around hoop
9. Push left lace under the bottom of the hoop
10. Pull on both hoops until tight.

Method # 2

1. Pick up right lace with right hand
2. Pick up left lace with left hand
3. Cross laces to make an X
4. Fold lace on right side through hole using right hand
5. Pull both laces tight
6. Make a loop with the right lace, pinch with thumb and index finger (hold it)
7. Make a loop with the left lace, pinch with thumb and index finger (hold it)
8. Cross laces to make an X
9. Fold lace on the right through the hole using the right hand
10. Pull both laces tight

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