Freud would be one of the most misinterpreted and misjudged forefront of psychology. People tend to think of him as some kind of pervert. Some moralist seem to avoid his theories too.
So, let’s talk (about) Freud. Sigmund Freud began his career as a medical doctor. He then became interested in the irrational side of human behavior while he was treating “hysterics.” The famous couch where he asks his clients to recline as they speak about everything was initially ridiculed. Patients, however, revealed their thoughts, fantasies, and problems. Freud began to see patterns.
One of his basic and useful ideas in relation to education and working with children is that of childhood sexuality. To him, development occurred in psychosexual stages characterized by a particular body part. In each stage, the sensual or sensory satisfaction and integration is associated with each body part is linked to a challenge for that age.
Sigmund Freud was more concerned with the development of one’s personality than language, perception or cognition. He believed that personality developed through a sequentially fixed pattern. This pattern naturally emerged as the body matured. However, it was not exactly the bodily changes on those stages which were elemental to developing a healthy personality. It was the interaction between the child’s need for satisfaction/comfort and the significant care-provider’s response to those needs. More commonly the interaction of the mother to the child.
Every following of Sigmund Freud espouses the crucial importance of relationshps with people and the stages/sequences of development. And of his great following, it is Erik Erikson‘s theory which has greatly affected the concept of childhood education and psychology.